What Do I Need to Know About Agricultural Workplace Hazards?

Federal law establishes safety standards and restrictions for young workers on farms. If you are not yet 16, you are prohibited from being employed in occupations that have been declared hazardous. There may be some exceptions that apply to your particular situation. Be sure to check state regulations for young workers and the OSHA rules, which apply to all employees, regardless of their age.

The following agricultural occupations have been declared hazardous:

  • Operating a tractor over 20 PTO horsepower or connecting or disconnecting its implements;
  • Operating or assisting to operate a corn picker, cotton picker, grain combine, hay mower, forage harvester, hay baler, potato digger, mobile pea viner, feed grinder, crop dryer, forage blower, auger conveyor, unloading mechanism of a nongravity-type self-unloading wagon or trailer, power post-hole digger, power post driver, or nonwalking-type rotary tiller;
  • Operating or working with a trencher or earthmoving equipment, fork lift, potato combine, or power-driven circular, band, or chain saw;
  • Working in a yard, pen, or stall occupied by a bull, boar, or stud horse maintained for breeding purposes; a sow with suckling pigs; or a cow with a newborn calf (with umbilical cord present);
  • Felling, buckling, skidding, loading, or unloading timber with a butt diameter of more than 6 inches;
  • Working from a ladder or scaffold at a height of over 20 feet;
  • Driving a bus, truck or automobile to transport passengers, or riding on a tractor as a passenger or helper;
  • Working inside a fruit, forage, or grain storage designed to retain an oxygen-deficient or toxic atmosphere; an upright silo within 2 weeks after silage has been added or when a top unloading device is in operating position; a manure pit; or a horizontal silo while operating a tractor for packing purposes;
  • Handling or applying toxic agricultural chemicals identified by the words "danger," "poison," or "warning" or a skull and crossbones on the label;
  • Handling or using explosives; and
  • Transporting, transferring, or applying anhydrous ammonia.

More information on youth employment in agricultural jobs

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